Thanks to the ongoing sophistication in the instruments, the time taken to identify an outbreak of infectious disease has been sharply reduced from what could take days, down to minutes.
To address the problem of growing AMR in the country, the Government of India has launched the National Program on Containment of Antimicrobial Resistance, fueling R&D activities for rapid identification of microorganisms.
Antimicrobial susceptibility testing strips for easy determination of Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC).
New technologies are being employed to bring microbiological diagnostics into a new era.
A wave of automation is being felt by clinical microbiology laboratories and this change will occur much more rapidly than most microbiologists expect.
Even as labs are implementing the many advances that are reshaping clinical microbiology, new technologies are emerging on the horizon.
In India, the key issue that remains is that molecular practices are yet not integral to the clinical outflow.
The future of rapid diagnosis would be to look at a syndromic approach and tailor the tests accordingly.
Microbiologists will begin to derive benefits from improved workflow, expedited generation of results, and enhanced characterization of microbial isolates as the microbiology laboratory becomes more automated, more digital, and more reliant on informatics tools.
Future automation systems will need to incorporate both culture and molecular testing into a single specimen stream and manage both laboratory techniques.
Technologies will continue to evolve, allowing faster, more sensitive, and less expensive methods for pathogen surveillance and discovery.