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What to look for while selecting blood bank equipment?

There are important factors for the design of equipment used in blood banks. What is it about the device that helps a blood center or a hospital transfusion service to go for a good set up? Are there any latest considerations that should be kept in mind when selecting equipment for your blood bank? This write up is penned for selecting various BB equipment for blood centers, specifying latest considerations so that they come up with standards, and facilitate best practice.

Blood donor couch. Should be donor friendly for an anxiety-free blood donation experience. There are couches that enable comfortable head-low, foot-high position in the shortest time for the commonly occurring vasovagal attacks during blood donation by operating a simple switch.

Refrigerated centrifuge. Programmable logic-controlled (PLC) refrigerated centrifuge is designed for separating blood components like platelet, plasma, RBC, and cryoprecipitate from whole blood.

They are available with a maximum speed of 4800 rpm, maximum rcf of 7060×g, maximum capacity of 16 blood bags, PLC, password-protected HMI with touch screen, automatic lid opening and closing with the help of pneumatic hinges, adjustable levelling jack, castor wheels for ease of mobility, programmable acceleration and deceleration, pre-cooling facility, frost-free refrigeration system, data storage up to 2 lakh readings, electronic signatures to run with log in and password protection, real-time connection with your smart device, and simple and quick run setup.

Blood bank refrigerators. When storing blood, it is important to choose a refrigerator that is designed specifically for the demands of blood bank. Whether it is a concern with temperature variation impacting sensitive materials, size, sound, energy use, clean room compliance, or all of the above and more, the market has the solutions for your blood bank. They are available in desktop and floor models, and have the option of single, double, and triple doors.

Combined blood bank refrigerator and plasma freezer is now available in the market with set temperature of +4°C (refrigerator) and -32°C (freezer).

Platelet incubators/agitators. They come with touch screen, display of set and process value having 24-hour battery backup, integrated data-management system with storage of 1000 readings; and facility to transfer data to pen drive/PC. Some support printing option. SCADA system is connected through a remote alarm system to a central monitoring system. They have a controller unit compiled with a unique air-flow system to maintain a temperature of +22°C/-0.1°C.

Deep freezers/plasma storage freezers. The purpose of a plasma freezer is to provide a maintained freezing temperature of 30°C to 80°C for safe storage of fresh frozen plasma. Plasma freezers, fitted with excellent safety features and user-friendly controlled panel, make plasma storage secure. They come in sizes varying between 100 L and 1000 L with a warranty of 1–5 years, with heavy-duty nylon castor wheels, having lock for easy mobility, digital microprocessor-based PID temperature indicator-cum-controller with LED display, sensors for temperature sensing, powder coated for corrosion-resistant body, triple-gasket system for leak-proof door, heavy-duty hinges with toggle-type latch for more durability and door lock with keys, double-walled main door, adjustable trays, double-stage cascade refrigeration system, energy-efficient ecofriendly heavy-duty, hermetically sealed compressors, CFC-free refrigerant, fin- and tube-type air-cooled noiseless condenser, high-density polyurethane foam for insulation and effective cooling system. A few have 72-hour battery backup for controller display, alarm for main board communication error, high ambient temperature, high/below temperature, sensor broken, power feature, low battery, and door ajar. The bags can be shaped evenly for optimal use of storage options, freezing of several batches in succession without intermediate defrosting.

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