Catering to the increasing number of kidney patients, a number of new hospitals and kidney care wings have mushroomed across the city in the past few years. The private hospitals have also started facilities for kidney transplant. “Earlier, when there was no such facility which we are having today for kidney transplant, patients had to go to bigger cities. But, here in Jaipur, new centers for kidney transplant have emerged over the past few years,” said Dr Dhananjai Agarwal, senior professor (nephrology), Sawai Man Singh Medical College. Dr Agarwal said, “In SMS Hospital, we have conducted more than 550 transplants so far. We have capacity of performing around 80 kidney transplants per year. But, now since institute of organ transplant is coming up soon, we will be able to conduct more kidney transplant.” There are at least 10 hospitals in the city performing kidney transplant.
City-based nephrologists claimed that the number of patients with kidney diseases are adding up. The reason for rising number of kidney patients is uncontrolled diabetes and hypertension. “Incidences of hypertension and high blood sugar have increased by in past 5 years, mainly due to lack of physical activity and more than required intake of refine sugar in form of packed food and beverages. In fact, hypertension is the second leading cause of kidney failure, whereas taking unnecessary painkillers is also the reason of Kidney damage,” said Dr Rajesh Kumar Garsa, Consultant Nephrology, of a private hospital, Jaipur. Dr Prateek Tripathi, director (nephrology and renal transplant) of a private hospital said, “We have started kidney transplant facilities in our hospital. We have conducted two transplant so far.”
However, Dr Tripathi said, “People have to remain careful as chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a slow killer. At the time when a patient realizes that something is wrong, his kidney function goes below 25 percent of the capacity. The CKD is irreversible. CKD is associated with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, obesity, primary renal disorders, along with age-related decline of renal function. It is usually asymptomatic until later stages and accurate prevalence data are lacking.” It is because of increasing cases of CKD, there is requirement of more kidney transplant facilities and dialysis facilities. “Because of growing need for kidney transplant, we have started the facility in our hospital. We have performed 10 kidney transplants so far in past few weeks,” said Dr Jitendra Goswami, consultant (nephrology), of a private hospital. Dr Goswami said, “For introducing kidney transplant facilities, there is requirement of infrastructure and trained staff. Jaipur is emerging as kidney transplant center in the state.” – TOI