Fifteenth Finance Commission Chairman N K Singh on Friday pitched for setting up a development finance institution in health care and moving the sector from state to the concurrent list of the Constitution.
“It’s high time we moved health as a subject to the concurrent list, especially in light of the pandemic,” Singh said in his keynote address to the NATHEALTH annual summit.
He said the right to health in practice would, in the course of time, enable the health sector to be assigned the obligation and spirit of the directive principles of the Constitution.
“… not going as far as to make it a fundamental right, but taking it to the concurrent list, as a first step, would enormously reinforce the obligation of all stakeholders. It would also give the central government much greater flexibility in the enactment of multiple regulatory changes,” he suggested.
Singh said the sector was in dire need of a DFI. Recently Parliament cleared setting up a DFI for infrastructure projects. Besides, there are many sector-specific DFIs in the country.
“The need for a health sector-specific DFI is much needed on the same lines as that of DFIs for other sectors like NABARD (agriculture), NHB (Housing) and TFCI (tourism). Such a DFI would increase health care access in tier-2 and tier-3 cities and also come with technical assistance that ensures proper usage of funds,” Singh said.
Singh also flagged the issue of different laws governing other medical services such as dentistry and pharmacists, etc.
“There is a multiplicity of Acts, rules and regulations, and mushrooming institutions, yet the regulation of the sector is far from adequate. There needs to be rationalisation and streamlining of these rules, regulations and institutions,” he said.
This multiplicity of Acts covers both the Centre and the state governments.
“There is huge asymmetry. We need to have a standardisation of health care codes for both the Centre and states. We need to have a uniform Health Care Code entailing both health ecosystems of central and state governments. This has been done, for instance, in other segments like the Securities Market Code,” he said.
Singh also raised the issue of the universalisation of the healthcare insurance system.
“While the PMJAY covers the bottom two income quintiles, commercial insurance largely covers the top income quintile, thereby creating a ‘missing middle’ class in between. This refers to people in the middle two income quintiles, where the population is not rich enough to afford commercial insurance and not poor enough to be covered under government-sponsored health insurance schemes,” he pointed out.
Singh also suggested forming an All India Medical and Health Service.
“Given the inter-state disparity in the availability of medical doctors, it is essential to constitute the Service as is envisaged under Section 2A of the All-India Services Act, 1951,” he said. IANS