The number of patients with diarrhoea, dehydration and other heat-related ailments has increased in the last few days as many such cases have been reported in the city hospitals, including Patna Medical College and Hospital (PMCH), Nalanda Medical College and Hospital (NMCH) and All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna (AIIMS-P). PMCH superintendent Dr Lakhindra Prasad said, “The number of patients admitted with heat-related ailments is very high. More than 10 cases of diarrhoea, dehydration, nasal bleeding, dysentery and low blood pressure due to overexposure in the sun are being registered per day.” Hospitals across the city have reported a rise in patients suffering from diarrhoea, typhoid, dysentery and jaundice, as high heat and humidity enable the growth of bacteria and other pathogens in food and water. “The number of cases with heat-related issues has increased. Around 15 cases of heat-related ailments were reported on Monday. Maximum cases these days are of diarrhoea and dehydration. There has been considerable increase in diseases like typhoid, heatstroke, gastric ailments and fluctuation in blood pressure,” NMCH superintendent Santosh Kumar told this newspaper on Tuesday.
AIIMS has also received an increased number of patients suffering from heatstroke and hyperthermia. Dr Ravi Kirti, general physician at AIIMS-P said, “Over 100 patients have been visiting the OPD of general medicine daily since last fortnight. Almost 80 percent of the registered cases are related to high temperature. The OPD generally remains full. We have also made arrangements for additional beds. However, majority of such patients are discharged within 48 hours of treatment.” Meanwhile, the OPD of dermatology department at AIIMS-P has also registered an increase in the number of patients. Dr Rajesh Sinha, a dermatologist there, said, “Risk of developing rashes, sunburns, acne breakout and constant itching due to prolonged exposure to UV rays are high. There is increased chances of fungal infection (ringworm) during summer months. The cases of miliaria (prickly heat or heat rash) due to excessive sweating are also being reported.” He added, “If too much outdoor activity is there, take bath in evening also to wash out excessive sweat and avoid fungal infection in the body.” – TOI