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Steps to Address Cancer, Particularly in Punjab

As informed by Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), according to the Cancer Registry of Punjab, which was started by Tata Memorial Center in collaboration with PGIMER, Chandigarh, the incidence of cancer cases was 100-110 for every 100, 000 individuals which is almost equal to the national average. However, the numbers of cancer cases are increasing steadily in all parts of the country every year as per the National Cancer Registry data of ICMR. The estimated number of incidence of cancer cases in Punjab during 2014, 2015, and 2016 are 30002, 31214, and 32474 respectively. Central government supplements the efforts of the state governments for improving healthcare including prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. The objectives of National Program for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS) being implemented under National Health Mission (NHM) for interventions up to district level, include awareness generation for cancer prevention, screening, early detection and referral to an appropriate level institution for treatment. The focus is on three types of cancer namely breast, cervical, and oral cancer.

A population level initiative for prevention, control, and screening for common non-communicable diseases (diabetes, hypertension and cancer viz. oral, breast and cervical cancer) has been rolled out in over 150 districts of the country in 2017-18 under NHM, as a part of comprehensive primary healthcare. The Government of India is implementing Strengthening of tertiary cancer care facility scheme under NPCDCS under which support is provided for setting up of state cancer institutes (SCIs) and tertiary cancer care centers (TCCCs) in the country. As of March 31, 2018, 15 SCIs and 20 TCCCs have been approved across the country with a total installation cost of ₹1045.7082 crore. – PIB